|Site Type:||The different sites tick all the usual boxes|
|Depth:||Top: 5MMedian: 18MBottom: 25M|
|Location:||You can explore the locality of each island using the map to the right.|
The Similan Islands are a group of nine granite islands running from south to north, about 55km west of Thao Lak in the Andaman Sea. Usually the expression Similan refers to the islands numbered 1 to 9, but the 43rd national park created in 1982 also includes Koh Bon, Hin Pusa (‘Elephant Head Rock’), and Shark Fin Reef. Koh Tachai was added in 1998.
Similan Islands National Park is only open between November and May. The south-west monsoon from the Indian Ocean brings high winds and rain from May to October, so the park is closed during this time.
Currently islands #1 to #3 are closed for re-habitation. #1 also has a protected area for sea turtles. There is a per-diver-per-day fee for entry into the park, which is currently 200 Bhat.
Spread among the nine islands are over 20 distinct dive sites, but the Similans also boast sandy beaches and shallow coral reefs in the bays, perfect for snorkelling.
The Western side exposed to the sea is characterised by large boulders around 10 m high with less coral but impressive seascapes.
The eastern side of the islands (closest to the mainland) has hard corals which cover the steep slopes down to the sea floor.
Similans #7 Ko Payu West of Sweden
This site was supposedly explored only after the site East of Eden became ‘too popular’. It starts with small boulders and coral stacks close to shore, then further out, a second concentric arc of bigger boulders. Between, and around these larger boulders there can be current and surge.
Hin Pusa Elephant Head Rock
On the surface, there are three rounded granite boulders breaking the water – one of which does look like an elephant’s head. Below, the boulders are actually very angular and arranged untidily on top of each other creating a ‘boulderscape’ of blue triangular swim-throughs. “Even without the fish this would be a great dive”, commented our Cruise Director. Hiding in the swim-throughs are shoals of snapper, triggers, surgeons, wrasse, and goatfish to name just a few.
Similans #8 Ko Similan Turtle Rock
To the northwest of Ko Similan is the gently sloping site of Turtle Rock – named after a turtle shaped rock on the coat nearby. The depth is 15 – 20m and usually without current so it’s an easy dive. What makes this site interesting is what you’ll see: anything from massive giant morays to tiny banded pipefish, and all the usual reef fish suspects.
Similans #9 Koh Bangu North Point
A series of large rocks – we’re talking as big as a ship – some 10 – 15m high, creates a few swim-throughs and great slot silhouette type photos.
Koh Bon West Ridge
Koh Bon has a completely rocky coastline with a ridge to the west which has a hole through it caused by erosion. It is the submerged extension of this ridge that is the West Ridge dive site. Underwater it becomes a large diagonal saw-tooth ridge covered in soft coral and sponge and teeming with blennies, hawkfish and anthias.
Koh Bon In the Cove
The sheltered cove (from where you can see the hole through the ridge), has a sand and broken coral base terrain punctuated by coral stacks, like every increasingly large mushrooms. The one shown below was the biggest and was home underneath to giant morays, and on top to schools of juveniles, blennies and hawkfish. The underside was draped with soft coral and sponges, whilst the top side was covered with brown encrusting coral.
Koh Tachai Pinnacles
There are two pinnacles, though you’d be hard pushed to see them both on one dive. The area is characterised by medium size boulders, large gorgonian sea fans and plenty of mid-size marine life. Keep a look out above too, as you may see barracuda, jacks, batfish and even a passing manta.
Here is a short video showing some of the flora and fauna you can expect to see around the northernmost islands.